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The Rambla of Barcelona, also known as Les Rambles, runs between the Catalunya Square and the Port Vell of Barcelona, in the Ciutat Vella district, in the historical centre of the city of Barcelona. The Rambla of Barcelona is subdivided into 5 different parts.

In the past, the Rambla was the place where the Malla stream flowed down. This stream was diverted with the construction of the Raval wall during the 15th century.

Once the Malla stream was diverted, in the Rambla of Barcelona numerous convents began to be built, most of which disappeared in the expropriation of 1835. In the areas occupied by the convents, some facilities were built such as the Liceu, the Boqueria Market and the Royal Square.

From 1859, planting of the plane trees from La Devesa in Girona began, and in 1860 the iconic Canaletes fountain was installed.

At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, Barcelona experienced the period of the Rose of Fire. Various anarchist movements took direct action to fight for labour rights and to counter the repression they received from the city’s privileged classes. In the direct action acts, there were a large number of attacks in Barcelona, which made Barcelona known as the City of Bombs.

During the period of the Rose of Fire, there were different attacks on the Rambles. On 4 September 1904, a homemade explosive device was found in the male urinals that had been installed on the Rambla. The authorities moved this homemade bomb to the Palace of Justice, where it exploded causing material damage.

On December 26, 1906, after a bomb had already been defused on December 24, another bomb exploded in the urinals of the Rambla. Popularly, these urinals were already known as the urinals of the bombs. In this case, on 26 December, one person was injured.

Until 1908, four more bombs exploded in the urinals of the Rambla of Barcelona. The last device exploded on 27 June 1908 while the “Cavalcade of James I the Conqueror” was taking place. In this case, two security guards were injured, one of whom died a few days later in the hospital.

Due to the various attacks, on 7 July 1908 the City Council decided to dismantle the urinal on the Rambla of Barcelona.