In the urban centre of the city of Vic, in the region of Osona, we can find the most emblematic place of the city of Vic, the Major Square.
This square, made of clay, has been the nerve centre of the city of Vic throughout its history, and every week, on Tuesdays and Saturdays, the municipal market is held. In fact, the municipal market has been held almost without interruption throughout history. Among the moments that have stopped being celebrated has been at the end of the Spanish Civil War, as well as in the Covid-19 pandemic during 2020.
One of the most unique features of this square is that it is a porticoed square. Most of the buildings surrounding the Major Square have, on their ground floor, a large porch. We can also highlight the clay that makes it up, which has generated the expression “earth square”.
This square, as the nerve centre, has been the centre of different moments in the history of Vic. We can highlight two moments related to the Spanish Civil War. The first moment is that, with the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, and after the burning and destruction of different religious buildings in Vic, the committee of Anti-Fascist Militias of Vic forced all shops and inhabitants of Vic to carry, in the square, all the material related to the Catholic Church. Everyone was forced to carry the religious images and objects under the threat of being enemies of the Republican government if they did not. Once all these objects were gathered in a pile, it was set on fire.
During the Spanish Civil War, a bomb shelter was also built in the centre of the Major Square to protect part of the population in case of bombing. This shelter had two entrances, and was destroyed when the current underground car park was built.
Apart from these two moments, throughout history the square has also been the centre of great demonstrations and celebrations of the city of Vic.