80 years since the end of the Battle of the Ebro
Today is the 80th anniversary of the end of the Battle of the Ebro.
After 115 days of intense combat, the Republican army decides to withdraw, aware of the defeat suffered.
On July 25, 1938, the Republican Army crossed the Ebro River and began an offensive against the Franco army. At first, Republican success was a reality. In fact, on the first day of the offensive they managed to liberate some 800 square kilometres between Mequinenza and Benifallet. However, the Francoist army immediately focused on recovering the lost territory. Thus began the Battle of the Ebro.
We can summarize in three the objectives of the republican army to initiate this battle. The first objective was to stop Franco’s advance over Valencia. In fact, Valencia was the great industrial sector that still controlled by the Republic.
The second objective was to increase republican morale. In this sense, he wanted to show that the war was not yet lost, and that the Republican army could still win the war. In addition, with the victory he would also silence the voices that gave the war for lost and that asked for an agreed peace.
Anti-aircraft artillery in the Battle of the Ebro
The third objective was to demonstrate to the European democratic powers that the republic was alive. It wanted to show them that in the growing European climate of war, the republic could be an ally. In addition, it was also a way to claim the intervention of the great European powers in the Spanish Civil War.
The result was disastrous. Some 30,000 people lost their lives. In addition, some 75,000 people were injured, and some 15,000 Republicans were taken prisoner. Apart from that, all the villages and camps that were in this place were destroyed. With the defeat, the Republic was touched to death. Thus, the end of the Spanish Civil War was approaching.